The university mobility program INTRA-ACP Africa, Caribbean, Pacifique is a part of of two major political commitments of European Union (EU) through the African Union (UA) and the group of the States in Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific (ACP).

On the one hand,
The Cotonou Agreement constitutes the principal partnership agreement between the developing countries and the European Union. Since 2000 (and the previous agreements which goes back to 1963 and Yaoundé Convention I), this agreement was used as framework for the relations between the EU and 79 countries of Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific (ACP). In this context, the group of the ACP States agreed with the EU to work together and to develop cooperation programs aiming at facilitating the access of the students of the ACP States to education and the training.

On the other hand,
The top Africa-EU which held in December 2007 in Lisbon, has consolidated a new strategic partnership Africa-EU which marked a new era in the relations between the two continents. This common strategy Africa-EU provides consequently a total and long-term framework for the relations Africa-EU. Its first action plan (2008-2010) includes specific proposals, structured according to 8 strategic partnerships Africa-EU of which 7th (Migration, Mobility and Employment) aims particuliarly “to reinforce the quality of the superior teaching at the local level, to revitalize the African universities and to promote the training of technical and professional human resources in high level, including by the means of the Nyerere program”.

The program is online with the commitments of the EU to improve the quality of education and to support regional integration, as it was said in the Program for the change of the EU and consequently, it supplements the existing regional initiatives in the sector of higher education such as the headlight program Panafrican University of the African Union Commission.